Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia facts and figures

Saudi Arabia's National Day
Saudi Arabia's National Day

23 September

The Middle Eastern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia straddles the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Jordan, Kuwait and Iraq in the north and Oman and Yemen in the south. It is the 14th largest country in the world, covering around two million square kilometres, making it the second largest OPEC Member Country. Saudi Arabia has a population of over 34 million, more than seven million of whom live in the capital, Riyadh. Arabic is the official language.

Saudi Arabia possesses around 17 per cent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 50 per cent of gross domestic product, and about 70 per cent of export earnings. Apart from petroleum, the Kingdom’s other natural resources include natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper.

The national currency is the riyal.

The Sovereign is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, HM King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud. Saudi Arabia is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Saudi Arabia is home to the world’s largest continuous sand desert – the Rub Al-Khali, or Empty Quarter.
  • Oil was first struck in Saudi Arabia in March 1938, at a depth of 1,440 metres in the Dammam oilfield.


Below data covers 2019

Population (million inhabitants) 34.22
Land area (1,000 sq km) 2,150
GDP per capita ($) 23,174
GDP at market prices (million $) 792,967
Value of exports (million $) 261,530
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 202,370
Current account balance (million $) 46,949
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 258,600
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 9,423
Crude oil production *(1,000 b/d) 9,808.2
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 117,000.0
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 2,896.0
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 2,586.1
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 3,199.1
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 7,038.1
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,300.3
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) --

* including share of production from Neutral Zone

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2020

  • HRH Prince Abdul Aziz Bin Salman

    HRH Prince Abdul Aziz Bin Salman

    Minister of Energy
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Eng. Adeeb Al-Aama

    Eng. Adeeb Al-Aama

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Esam Alkhalifa

    Mr. Esam Alkhalifa

    National Representative