Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia facts and figures

Saudi Arabia's National Day
Saudi Arabia's National Day

23 September

The Middle Eastern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia straddles the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Jordan, Kuwait and Iraq in the north and Oman and Yemen in the south. It is the 14th largest country in the world, covering around two million square kilometres, making it the second largest OPEC Member Country. Saudi Arabia has a population of over 32 million, more than three and a half million of whom live in the capital, Riyadh. Arabic is the official language.

Saudi Arabia possesses around 18 per cent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves and ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 50 per cent of gross domestic product, and about 70 per cent of export earnings. Apart from petroleum, the Kingdom’s other natural resources include natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper.

The national currency is the riyal.

The Sovereign is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, HM King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud. Saudi Arabia is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Saudi Arabia is home to the world’s largest continuous sand desert – the Rub Al-Khali, or Empty Quarter.
  • Oil was first struck in Saudi Arabia in March 1938, at a depth of 1,440 metres in the Dammam oilfield.


Below data covers 2017

Population (million inhabitants) 32.550
Land area (1,000 sq km) 2,150
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 15
GDP per capita ($) 21,007
GDP at market prices (million $) 683,827
Value of exports (million $) 231,485
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 159,742
Current account balance (million $) 11,519
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 266,260
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 8,715
Crude oil production *(1,000 b/d) 9,959.2
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 115,000.2
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 2,886
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 2,874
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 3,242.4
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 6,968.3
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,438.2
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) --

* including share of production from Neutral Zone

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2018

  • HE Eng. Khalid A. Al-Falih

    HE Eng. Khalid A. Al-Falih

    Minister of Energy, Industry & Mineral Resources
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Eng. Adeeb Al-Aama

    Eng. Adeeb Al-Aama

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Nasser A. Al-Dossary

    Dr. Nasser A. Al-Dossary

    National Representative