Qatar facts and figures

Qatar's National Day
Qatar's National Day

18 December

Covering an area of around 12 thousand square kilometres and with a population of almost 2.7 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsula attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.

Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for a substantial share of the country’s gross domestic product. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.

Qatar’s Emir is HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.

Did you know?

  • Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.

Below data covers 2017

Population (million inhabitants) 2.690
Land area (1,000 sq km) 12
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 224
GDP per capita ($) 62,196
GDP at market prices (million $) 167,146
Value of exports (million $) 84,906
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 35,496
Current account balance (million $) 6,408
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 25,244
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 23,861
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 600.0
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 163,598.6
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 433
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 699
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 339.0
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 466.0
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 639.4
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) 128,645.3

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2018

  • HE Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi

    HE Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi

    Minister of State for Energy Affairs & Cabinet Member
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Abdulla Ahmad Al-Hussaini

    Mr. Abdulla Ahmad Al-Hussaini

    National Representative