Iran facts and figures

Iran's National Day
Iran's National Day

11 February

Stretching from Turkey and Iraq to Turkmenistan and Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran is the world’s 17th largest country in terms of territory, comprising around 1,648 thousand square kilometres. It is one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations.

It has a population of around 81 million. The capital, Tehran, is located at the foot of the Alborz Mountains, and is home to around seven million people. Most Iranians speak Farsi, while other languages include Azeri, Kurdish and Luri.

Apart from petroleum, the country’s other natural resources include natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur. The national currency is the rial.

The Islamic Republic of Iran’s President is HE Hassan Rouhani. The country is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • The Dizin ski resort near Tehran sits at 3,800 metres and has several downhill runs.
  • The Masjid-i-Solaiman, located in Khozestan province in the southwest of the Islamic Republic of Iran, was the country’s first oil well. It was drilled in 1908. It is also the first oil well in the Middle East.

Below data covers 2017

Population (million inhabitants) 81.16
Land area (1,000 sq km) 1,648
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 49
GDP per capita ($) 5,508
GDP at market prices (million $) 447,048
Value of exports (million $) 110,764
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 52,728
Current account balance (million $) 16,063
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 155,600
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 33,810
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 3,867.3
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 238,003.0
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 1,901.0
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,782
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 1,818.9
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 2,125.0
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 992.5
Natural gas exports (million cu.m.) 12,927.5

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2018

  • HE Eng. Bijan Namdar Zanganeh

    HE Eng. Bijan Namdar Zanganeh

    Minister of Petroleum

    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Mr. Hossein Kazempour Ardebili

    Mr. Hossein Kazempour Ardebili

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Mohammad Taeb

    Dr. Mohammad Taeb

    Acting National Representative