Algeria facts and figures

Algeria's National Day
Algeria's National Day

01 November

Covering an area of around 2,382 thousand square kilometres, the Republic of Algeria is, territorially, OPEC’s largest Member Country and the largest country in Africa. It is situated in the north of the continent, and shares borders with Morocco, the Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya and Tunisia. To the north is the Mediterranean Sea.

The country achieved political independence in 1962 after more than a century of colonial rule by France. Algeria’s struggle for independence was one of the most bitter in Africa’s colonial history.

It has a population of around 43 million, with over 3.5 million living in the capital, Algiers. Arabic is the official language, while French and Berber Tamazight are also spoken. The currency is the dinar.

The oil and gas sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for about 20 per cent of the gross domestic product, and 85 per cent of total exports. The country’s other natural resources include iron ore, phosphates, uranium and lead.

The country joined OPEC in 1969.

Did you know?

  • Algeria was first known as the Kingdom of Numidia, whose most famous kings were Syphax, Massinissa and Jugurta. They ruled during the second and third century BC.
  • Algeria’s first commercial oil discovery was Edjelleh in 1956, followed immediately by the Hassi Messaoud oil field the same year. Production began in 1958.

Below data covers 2019

Population (million inhabitants) 43.41
Land area (1,000 sq km) 2,382
GDP per capita ($) 3,975
GDP at market prices (million $) 172,551
Value of exports (million $) 38,059
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 22,674
Current account balance (million $) -18,813
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 12,200
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 4,504
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 1,023.2
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 89,583.4
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 656.8
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 659.6
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 447.6
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 571.0
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 584.2
Natural gas exports (million cu.m.) 42,497.4

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2020

  • HE Mohamed Arkab

    HE Mohamed Arkab

    Minister of Energy and Mines

    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Eng. Mohamed Hamel

    Eng. Mohamed Hamel

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Achraf Benhassine

    Dr. Achraf Benhassine

    National Representative