Algeria facts and figures

Algeria's National Day
Algeria's National Day

01 November

Covering an area of around 2,382 thousand square kilometres, the Republic of Algeria is, territorially, OPEC’s largest Member Country and the largest country in Africa. It is situated in the north of the continent, and shares borders with Morocco, the Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya and Tunisia. To the north is the Mediterranean Sea.

The country achieved political independence in 1962 after more than a century of colonial period. Algeria’s struggle for independence was one of the most bitter in Africa’s colonial history.

It has a population of more than 45 million. Arabic and Berber Tamazight are the national and official languages, while French is also spoken. The currency is the dinar.

The oil and gas sector is the backbone of the economy. The country’s other natural resources include iron ore, phosphates, uranium and lead.

Algeria joined OPEC in 1969.

Did you know?

  • Algeria was first known as the Kingdom of Numidia, whose most famous kings were Syphax, Massinissa and Jugurta. They ruled during the second and third century BC.
  • Algeria’s first commercial oil discovery was Edjelleh in 1956, followed immediately by the Hassi Messaoud oil field the same year. Production began in 1958.

Below data covers 2022

Population (million inhabitants) 45.40
Land area (1,000 sq km) 2,382
GDP per capita ($) 4,119
GDP at market prices (million $) 186,995
Value of exports (million $) 69,256
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 32,513
Current account balance (million $) -4,636
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 12,200
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 4,504
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 1,020
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 100,513
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 677
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 644
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 431
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 477
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 509
Natural gas exports (million cu.m.) 48,920

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2023

  • HE Mohamed Arkab

    HE Mohamed Arkab

    Minister of Energy and Mines

    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Dr. Achraf Benhassine

    Dr. Achraf Benhassine

    Governor for OPEC

  • Eng. Samir Madani

    Eng. Samir Madani

    National Representative