7
Chapter 3
Refining Oil (Downstream)
....... 36—47
The adventure continues! ............................................................................... 36
Downstream ...................................................................................................... 36
Refining .................................................................................................... 37
Separation...............................................................................................
38
Conversion ............................................................................................
40
Treatmen
t............................................................................................... 41
Transportation .......................................................................................42
Pipelines .................................................................................................
43
Roads and railway
..................................................................................
44
Ocean tankers . .......................................................................................
46
Chapter 4
About OPEC
........................ 48—63
Introduction.........................................................................................................50
Birth of OPEC ................................................................................................... 52
The OPEC logo
.................................................................................... 52
Who are the members of OPEC? ............................................................... 56
Founder Members ..................................................................................
56
Full Members..........................................................................................
56
Associate Members .................................................................................
56
Table OPECMember Countries ..........................................................
57
Who can be a Member?
......................................................................... 58
OPEC’s mission ............................................................................................... 59
Stabilizing oil markets ............................................................................
59
Keeping the market supplied ...................................................................
59
Organizational structure ............................................................................... 60
The Conference .....................................................................................
60
Board of Governors ...............................................................................
60
Economic Commission Board
............................................................... 60
The Secretariat . .....................................................................................
61
The OPEC Summit
..........................................................................................
61
Building bridges .................................................................................................62
How does OPEC help other countries? .................................................... 63
What is OFID? ................................................................................................. 63
Glossary of Terms .............................................................................................64
Bibliography & Resources ..............................................................................66
1,2,3,4,5,6 8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,...68