Saudi Arabia facts and figures
Saudi Arabia's National Day
The Middle Eastern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia straddles the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Jordan, Kuwait and Iraq in the north and Oman and Yemen in the south. It is the 14th largest country in the world covering around two million square kilometres, making it the second largest OPEC Member Country. Saudi Arabia has a population of over 31 million, more than three and a half million of whom live in the capital, Riyadh. Arabic is the official language.
Saudi Arabia possesses 18 per cent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves and ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 50 per cent of gross domestic product, and about 85 per cent of export earnings. Apart from petroleum, the Kingdom’s other natural resources include natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper.
The national currency is the riyal.
The Sovereign is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques HM King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud. Saudi Arabia is a Founder Member of OPEC.
Did you know?
- Saudi Arabia is home to the world’s largest continuous sand desert – the Rub Al-Khali, or Empty Quarter.
- Oil was first struck in Saudi Arabia in March 1938, at a depth of 1,440 metres in the Dammam oilfield.
Below data covers 2015
|Population (million inhabitants)||31.016|
|Land area (1,000 sq km)||2,150|
|Population density (inhabitants per sq km)||14|
|GDP per capita ($)||21,061|
|GDP at market prices (million $)||653,219|
|Value of exports (million $)||205,447|
|Value of petroleum exports (million $)||157,962|
|Current account balance (million $)||-41,307|
|Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels)||266,455|
|Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.)||8,588.2|
|Crude oil production *(1,000 b/d)||10,192.6|
|Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.)||104,450.0|
|Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd)||2,907.0|
|Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||2,480.5|
|Oil demand (1,000 b/d)||3,318.7|
|Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d)||7,163.3|
|Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||1,154.7|
|Natural gas exports (million cu. m.)||--|
* including share of production from Neutral Zone
- b/d (barrels per day)
- cu. m. (cubic metres)
- b/cd (barrels per calendar day)
Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2016