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Saudi Arabia facts and figures

Saudi Arabia's National Day
Saudi Arabia's National Day

23 September

The Middle Eastern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia straddles the Arabian Peninsula, bordered by Jordan, Kuwait and Iraq in the north and Oman and Yemen in the south. It is the 14th largest country in the world covering around two million square kilometres, making it the second largest OPEC Member Country. Saudi Arabia has a population of more than 29 million, more than three and a half million of whom live in the capital, Riyadh. Arabic is the official language.

Saudi Arabia possesses 18 per cent of the world’s proven petroleum reserves and ranks as the largest exporter of petroleum. The oil and gas sector accounts for roughly 50 per cent of gross domestic product, and 90 per cent of export earnings. Apart from petroleum, the Kingdom’s other natural resources include natural gas, iron ore, gold, and copper.

The national currency is the riyal.

The Sovereign is the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud. Saudi Arabia is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Saudi Arabia’s is home to the world’s largest continuous sand desert – the Rub Al-Khali, or Empty Quarter.
  • Oil was first struck in Saudi Arabia in March 1938, at a depth of 1,440 metres in the Dammam oilfield.

Population (million inhabitants) 29.20
Land area (1,000 sq km) 2,150
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 14
GDP per capita ($) 24,911
GDP at market prices (billion $) 727.31
Value of exports (billion $) 388.37
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 336.12
Current account balance (billion $) 164.76
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 265.85
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 8,235
Crude oil production *(1,000 b/d) 9,763
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 99.33
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 2,107
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,927.1
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 2,873
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 7,557
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 862.1
Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.) --

* including share of production from Neutral Zone

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013

  • HE Ali I. Naimi

    HE Ali I. Naimi

    Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Dr. Mohammed S. Al-Madi

    Dr. Mohammed S. Al-Madi

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Nasser A. Al-Dossary

    Dr. Nasser A. Al-Dossary

    National Representative