Qatar facts and figures
Qatar's National Day
Covering an area of around 12 thousand square kilometres and with a population of approximately 1.8 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsular attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.
Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for about 60 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product and around 85 per cent of export earnings. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.
Qatar’s Emir is Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.
Did you know?
- An expatriate workforce makes up nearly 75 per cent of the country's inhabitants, most of whom live and work Doha.
- Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.
|Population (million inhabitants)||1.77|
|Land area (1,000 sq km)||12|
|Population density (inhabitants per sq km)||154|
|GDP per capita ($)||108,458|
|GDP at market prices (billion $)||192.40|
|Value of exports (billion $)||133.72|
|Value of petroleum exports (billion $)||116.21|
|Current account balance (billion $)||62.33|
|Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels)||25.24|
|Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.)||25,069|
|Crude oil production (1,000 b/d)||734|
|Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.)||157.05|
|Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d)||80|
|Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||122.7|
|Oil demand (1,000 b/d)||126|
|Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d)||588|
|Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||464.6|
|Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.)||128.71|
- b/d (barrels per day)
- cu. m. (cubic metres)
Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013