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Qatar facts and figures

Qatar's National Day
Qatar's National Day

18 December

Covering an area of around 12 thousand square kilometres and with a population of approximately 1.8 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsular attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.

Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for about 60 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product and around 85 per cent of export earnings. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.

Qatar’s Emir is Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.

Did you know?

  • An expatriate workforce makes up nearly 75 per cent of the country's inhabitants, most of whom live and work Doha.
  • Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.

Population (million inhabitants) 1.77
Land area (1,000 sq km) 12
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 154
GDP per capita ($) 108,458
GDP at market prices (billion $) 192.40
Value of exports (billion $) 133.72
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 116.21
Current account balance (billion $) 62.33
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 25.24
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 25,069
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 734
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 157.05
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 80
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 122.7
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 126
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 588
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 464.6
Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.) 128.71

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013

  • HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    Minister of Energy & Industry

    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Sultan K. Al-Binali

    Mr. Sultan K. Al-Binali

    National Representative