Qatar facts and figures

Qatar's National Day
Qatar's National Day

18 December

Covering an area of around 12 thousand square kilometres and with a population of almost 2.5 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsular attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.

Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for about 55 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.

Qatar’s Emir is HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.

Did you know?

  • Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.

Below data covers 2016

Population (million inhabitants) 2.490
Land area (1,000 sq km) 12
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 208
GDP per capita ($) 61,258
GDP at market prices (million $) 152,509
Value of exports (million $) 72,459
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 22,958
Current account balance (million $) -2,885
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 25,244
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 24,072.5
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 651.5
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 182,830.3
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 429.0
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 632.3
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 227.0
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 503.4
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 568.1
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) 130,324.0

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2017

  • HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    Minister of Energy & Industry
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Abdulla Ahmad Al-Hussaini

    Mr. Abdulla Ahmad Al-Hussaini

    National Representative