Qatar facts and figures
Qatar's National Day
Covering an area of 11,000 square kilometres and with a population of 1.8 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsular attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.
Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for more than 60 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product, around 85 per cent of export earnings and 70 per cent of government revenues. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.
Qatar’s Emir is Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.
Did you know?
- An expatriate workforce makes up nearly 75 per cent of the country's inhabitants, most of whom live and work Doha.
- Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.
|Population (million inhabitants)||1.77|
|Land area (1,000 sq km)||11|
|Population density (inhabitants per sq km)||161|
|GDP per capita ($)||98,144|
|GDP at market prices (billion $)||173.52|
|Value of exports (billion $)||107.10|
|Value of petroleum exports (billion $)||44.75|
|Current account balance (billion $)||53.57|
|Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels)||25.38|
|Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.)||25,110|
|Crude oil production (1,000 b/d)||734|
|Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.)||116.70|
|Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d)||80|
|Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||127.0|
|Oil Consumption (1,000 b/d)||125|
|Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d)||588|
|Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d)||508.8|
|Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.)||113.70|
- b/d (barrels per day)
- cu. m. (cubic metres)
Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2012