Qatar facts and figures

Qatar's National Day
Qatar's National Day

18 December

Covering an area of around 12 thousand square kilometres and with a population of over 2.2 million, Qatar is the smallest OPEC Member Country in terms of both area and population. This Middle Eastern nation is located on a peninsular attached to the larger Arabian Peninsula. The capital, Doha, has a population of 400,000. Arabic is the country’s official language.

Apart from petroleum, Qatar’s other natural resources include natural gas and foodstuffs. Oil and natural gas account for about 55 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product. Petroleum has made Qatar one of the world’s fastest-growing and highest per-capita income countries. Its currency is the rial.

Qatar’s Emir is HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The nation joined OPEC in 1961.

Did you know?

  • Qatar’s oil exploration began in 1935 at the Dukhan field. Commercial exportation from the field started between 1939 and 1940.

Population (million inhabitants) 2.23
Land area (1,000 sq km) 12
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 185
GDP per capita ($) 95,040
GDP at market prices (million $) 211,526
Value of exports (million $) 131,716
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 56,912
Current account balance (million $) 54,760
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 25,244
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 24,531
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 709
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 174,057
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 283
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 638.0
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 166
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 595
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 522.0
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) 122,628

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2015

  • HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    HE Dr. Mohammed Bin Saleh Al-Sada

    Minister of Energy & Industry
    President of the Conference
    Head of Delegation

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  • Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Mr. Issa Shahin Al Ghanim

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Sultan K. Al-Binali

    Mr. Sultan K. Al-Binali

    National Representative