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Nigeria facts and figures

Nigeria's Independence Day
Nigeria's Independence Day

01 October

The most populous country within OPEC, Nigeria has over 167 million inhabitants. Located on the Gulf of Guinea on Africa’s western coast, Nigeria covers an area of around 924 thousand square kilometres. Abuja, the capital since 1991, has a population of more than one million. English is Nigeria’s official language, although many local languages such as Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Ijaw are also spoken.

Apart from petroleum, Nigeria’s other natural resources include natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc and arable land. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 35 per cent of gross deomestic product, and petroleum exports revenue accounts for about 70 per cent of total exports revenue. Its currency is the naira.

Nigeria’s President is Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan. The country joined OPEC in 1971.

Did you know?

  • Conservationists say that Nigeria’s unique rainforest region is amongst the richest in Africa. The country is also home to numerous important game reserves, such as the Yankari and Kainji national parks.
  • Oil was first discovered in Oloibiri, in Nigeria’s Bayelsa State, in 1956.

Population (million inhabitants) 167.68
Land area (1,000 sq km) 924
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 182
GDP per capita ($) 1,535
GDP at market prices (billion $) 257.43
Value of exports (billion $) 142.52
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 94.64
Current account balance (billion $) 23.41
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 37.14
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 5,118
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 1,954
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 42.57
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 445
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 82.4
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 344
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 2,368
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 8.2
Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.) 28.27

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013

  • HE Diezani Alison-Madueke (Mrs.) CON

    HE Diezani Alison-Madueke (Mrs.) CON

    Minister of Petroleum Resources
    Alternate President of the Conference
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Mr. Danladi Kifasi, oon, mni

    Mr. Danladi Kifasi, oon, mni

    Governor for OPEC