Libya

Libya banner

Libya facts and figures

Libya's National Day:
Libya's National Day:

17 February

Situated in the north of Africa, and sharing a border to the west with fellow OPEC Member Country Algeria, Libya is the 16th largest country in the world in terms of land mass, comprising around 1,760 thousand square kilometres. More than a quarter of the country’s six million plus inhabitants live in its capital city, Tripoli. Arabic is the main language.

Apart from petroleum, Libya's other natural resources are natural gas and gypsum. Its economy depends primarily on revenues from the oil sector, which contribute about 95 per cent of export earnings, about one-quarter of gross domestic product, and about 95 per cent of government revenues. Substantial revenues from the energy sector, coupled with a small population, give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa. The national currency is the dinar.

The country joined OPEC in 1962.

Did you know?

  • Libya's huge man-made river is the largest water transportation project ever undertaken and carries more than five million cubic metres of water per day across the desert to coastal areas.
  • Libya's first productive oil well was struck in 1959 at Amal and Zelten, now known as Nasser. The country began exporting oil in 1961.

Population (million inhabitants) 6.41
Land area (1,000 sq km) 1,760
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 4
GDP per capita ($) 12,777
GDP at market prices (billion $) 81.92
Value of exports (billion $) 61.42
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 60.19
Current account balance (billion $) 23.99
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 48.47
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 1,549
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 1,450
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 18.12
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 380
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 149.2
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 236
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 962
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 40.0
Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.) 6.23

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013

  • HE Omar Ali ElShakmak

    HE Omar Ali ElShakmak

    Acting as Minister of Oil & Gas
    Head of Delegation

  • Mr. Samir Salem Kamal

    Mr. Samir Salem Kamal

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Imad A. Ben Rajab

    Mr. Imad A. Ben Rajab

    National Representative