Kuwait facts and figures

Kuwait's National Day
Kuwait's National Day

25 February

Located on the Arabian Peninsula bordering Saudi Arabia and Iraq, Kuwait is one of the most densely populated OPEC Member Countries. The Middle Eastern nation comprises an area of around 18 thousand square kilometres and has a population of over 4.4 million. Its official language is Arabic.

Kuwait has a prosperous economy. Oil and gas sector accounts for about 60 per cent of its gross domestic product and about 95 per cent of export revenues.

The Emir of Kuwait is HH Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah. The country is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Failaka Island is considered the most beautiful of Kuwait’s islands. Its history dates back to the early Stone Age.
  • In 1938, the Kuwait Oil Company drilled the country’s first commercial oil well in the Al Burqan oilfield. The commercial export of crude oil began in 1946.

Below data covers 2016

Population (million inhabitants) 4.411
Land area (1,000 sq km) 18
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 245
GDP per capita ($) 25,067
GDP at market prices (million $) 110,572
Value of exports (million $) 46,261
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 41,461
Current account balance (million $) 947
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 101,500
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 1,784.0
Crude oil production * (1,000 b/d) 2,954.3
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 17,291.0
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 936.0
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 923.5
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 349.7
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 2,128.2
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 707.4
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) --

* including share of production from Neutral Zone

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2017

  • HE Bakheet S. Al-Rashidi

    HE Bakheet S. Al-Rashidi

    Minister of Oil
    Minister of Electricity & Water
    Head of Delegation

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  • Mr. Haitham Al-Ghais

    Mr. Haitham Al-Ghais

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Mohammad Khuder Al-Shatti

    Mr. Mohammad Khuder Al-Shatti

    National Representative