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Kuwait facts and figures

Kuwait's National Day
Kuwait's National Day

25 February

Located on the Arabian Peninsula bordering Saudi Arabia and Iraq, Kuwait is one of the most densely populated OPEC Member Countries. The Middle Eastern nation comprises an area of around 18 thousand square kilometres and has a population of over three million. Its official language is Arabic.

Kuwait has a prosperous economy. Oil and gas sector accounts for about 60 per cent of its gross domestic product and 93 per cent of export revenues.

The Emir of Kuwait is Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah. It is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Failaka Island is considered the most beautiful of Kuwait’s islands. Its history dates back to the early Stone Age.
  • In 1938, the Kuwait Oil Company drilled the country’s first commercial oil well in the Al Burqan oilfield. The commercial export of crude oil began in 1946.

Population (million inhabitants) 3.82
Land area (1,000 sq km) 18
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 215
GDP per capita ($) 45,351
GDP at market prices (billion $) 173.42
Value of exports (billion $) 118.55
Value of petroleum exports (billion $) 112.93
Current account balance (billion $) 78.08
Proven crude oil reserves (billion barrels) 101.50
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 1,784
Crude oil production * (1,000 b/d) 2,978
Marketed production of natural gas (billion cu. m.) 15.52
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/d) 936
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,057.0
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 377
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 2,070
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 660.9
Natural gas exports (billion cu. m.) --

* including share of production from Neutral Zone

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2013

  • HE Dr. Ali Saleh Al-Omair

    HE Dr. Ali Saleh Al-Omair

    Minister of Oil
    Head of Delegation

    Download CV
  • Ms. Nawal Al-Fezaia

    Ms. Nawal Al-Fezaia

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Mohammad Khuder Al-Shatti

    Mr. Mohammad Khuder Al-Shatti

    National Representative