Iraq facts and figures


Sharing borders with three other OPEC Member Countries – the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia – Iraq covers an area of around 438 thousand square kilometres. It has a population of around 36 million, one fifth of which lives in the capital, Baghdad. Most Iraqis speak Arabic, although Kurdish is also used especially in the northern part of the country.

Iraq attained its independence as a Kingdom in 1932. In 1958, a military coup d’état ended the monarchy, making Iraq a republic.

Apart from petroleum, Iraq’s other natural resources include natural gas, phosphates and sulphur. Its national currency is the dinar. The country has a varied landscape, which includes areas of desert, mountains and fertile regions.

Iraq’s President is HE Fuad Masum. The country is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Baghdad was the largest multicultural city of the Middle Ages and was the centre of learning during the Islamic Golden Age.
  • Iraq’s Kirkuk oilfield consists of three domes – Baba, Avanah and Khurmala. It was at the Baba dome that the country’s first productive oil well was drilled in 1927.

Population (million inhabitants) 36.01
Land area (1,000 sq km) 438
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 82
GDP per capita ($) 6,208
GDP at market prices (million $) 223,508
Value of exports (million $) 85,298
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 84,303
Current account balance (million $) 16,113
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 143,069
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 3,158
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 3,110
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 904
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 900
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 480.0
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 815
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 2,516
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 9.0
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) --

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2015

  • HE Fayadh Hassan Nima

    HE Fayadh Hassan Nima

    Acting Minister of Oil
    Head of Delegation

  • Dr. Falah J. Alamri

    Dr. Falah J. Alamri

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Ali Nazar Faeq Al-Shatari

    Mr. Ali Nazar Faeq Al-Shatari

    National Representative