Iraq facts and figures


Sharing borders with three other OPEC Member Countries – the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia – Iraq covers an area of around 438 thousand square kilometres. It has a population of almost 38 million, one fifth of which lives in the capital, Baghdad. Most Iraqis speak Arabic, although Kurdish is also used especially in the northern part of the country.

Iraq attained its independence as a Kingdom in 1932. In 1958, a military coup d’état ended the monarchy, making Iraq a republic.

Apart from petroleum, Iraq’s other natural resources include natural gas, phosphates and sulphur. Its national currency is the dinar. The country has a varied landscape, which includes areas of desert, mountains and fertile regions.

Iraq’s President is HE Fuad Masum. The country is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • Baghdad was the largest multicultural city of the Middle Ages and was the centre of learning during the Islamic Golden Age.
  • Iraq’s Kirkuk oilfield consists of three domes – Baba, Avanah and Khurmala. It was at the Baba dome that the country’s first productive oil well was drilled in 1927.

Below data covers 2016

Population (million inhabitants) 37.884
Land area (1,000 sq km) 438
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 86
GDP per capita ($) 4,389
GDP at market prices (million $) 166,274
Value of exports (million $) 43,890
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 43,753
Current account balance (million $) -3,134
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 148,766
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 3,819.9
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 4,647.8
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 10,416.4
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 900.0
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 448.9
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 757.1
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 3,803.5
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 36.8
Natural gas exports (million cu. m.) --

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2017

  • HE Jabbar Ali Hussein Al-Luiebi

    HE Jabbar Ali Hussein Al-Luiebi

    Minister of Oil
    Head of Delegation

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  • Mr. Alaa K. Alyasri

    Mr. Alaa K. Alyasri

    Governor for OPEC

  • Mr. Ali Nazar Faeq Al-Shatari

    Mr. Ali Nazar Faeq Al-Shatari

    National Representative