Iran facts and figures

Iran's National Day
Iran's National Day

11 February

Stretching from Turkey and Iraq to Turkmenistan and Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran is the world’s 17th largest country in terms of territory, comprising around 1,648 thousand square kilometres. It is one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations.

It has a population of more than 77 million. The capital, Tehran, is located at the foot of the Alborz Mountains, and is home to around seven million people. Most Iranians speak Farsi, while other languages include Azeri, Kurdish and Luri.

Apart from petroleum, the country’s other natural resources include natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur. The national currency is the rial.

The Islamic Republic of Iran’s President is HE Hassan Rouhani. It is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • The Dizin ski resort near Tehran sits at 3,800 metres and has several downhill runs.
  • The Masjid-i-Solaiman, located in the Khozestan province in the southwest of the Islamic Republic of Iran, was the country’s first oil well. It was drilled in 1908. It is also, the first oil well in the Middle East.

Population (million inhabitants) 77.10
Land area (1,000 sq km) 1,648
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 47
GDP per capita ($) 4,751
GDP at market prices (million $) 366,259
Value of exports (million $) 98,807
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 61,923
Current account balance (million $) 29,727
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 157,800
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 34,020
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 3,575
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 199,293
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 1,715
Output of refined petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,918.4
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 1,776
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 1,215
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 394.0
Natural gas exports (million cu.m.) 9,307

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2014

  • HE Eng. Bijan Namdar Zangeneh

    HE Eng. Bijan Namdar Zangeneh

    Minister of Petroleum

    Head of Delegation

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  • Mr. Hossein Kazempour Ardebili

    Mr. Hossein Kazempour Ardebili

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Mehdi Asali

    Dr. Mehdi Asali

    National Representative